This course examines different physiological processes seen in the animal kingdom that allow organisms to maintain homeostasis while inhabiting diverse climates and dynamic environments. Topics include aquatic and aerial respiration, cardiovascular systems, water and solute balance, excretion, cellular energetics, membrane physiology, nervous systems, cell movement, and endocrinology. Materials fee applies.
Invertebrate Zoology (BIO‑224)
An introduction to the major groups of living and fossil animals with emphasis on classification. Aspects of classification include methods and principles, comparative biochemistry, structure, function, growth, development, and reproduction. The importance of certain animals in fundamental biological research is emphasized. Includes a weekly three-hour lab. Materials fee applies.
Vertebrate Zoology (BIO‑325)
An introduction to the taxonomic groups of vertebrate organisms and their defining features. Topics include comparative morphology, reproduction, development, environmental adaptation, and development of vertebrate organ systems. Includes a weekly three-hour lab or field trips. Materials fee applies.
BIO-224 or 325