Dr. Joel Klinck

Associate Professor of Biology

Phone: (905) 648-2139   Ext:4411

Email: jklinck@redeemer.ca

Office: 221F

Programs: Biochemistry, Health Sciences, Pre-Medicine, Health Sciences Professional, Biology


Ph.D. (2012), Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON.
Dissertation: Cadmium and Calcium Transport Along the Gastro-intestinal Tract of Rainbow Trout – More Than “Gut Feelings” on Mechanisms of Uptake

B.Sc. Hons (2004), Biology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON.


  • Genetics (BIO-261)
  • Developmental Biology (BIO-363)
  • Toxicology (BIO-445)
  • Understanding Our World through the Sciences (SCI-210)
  • Invertebrate Zoology (BIO-224)
  • Cell and Molecular Biology (BIO-242)
  • Perspectives on Evolution (BIO-335)
  • Fundamentals of Biology I (BIO-121)
  • Honours Independent Study (BIO-485)
  • Senior Seminar I (BIO-381)
  • Senior Seminar II (BIO-382)
  • Senior Seminar III (BIO-383)
  • Senior Seminar IV (BIO-384)


Joel Klinck completed his honours biology undergraduate degree at Wilfrid Laurier University. He then worked for Dr. Richard Playle at WLU for a year after his BSc and it is there that he began his journey towards becoming an aquatic toxicology/physiologist. He then moved on to McMaster University to start a masters degree under the supervision of Dr. Chris Wood, and transferred into a PhD program in his second year and graduated in 2012. His dissertation focused on the characterization of transport mechanisms of cadmium and calcium across the gastrointestinal tract of rainbow trout. After completing his degree he worked for Environment Canada at the Canada Centre for Inland Waters studying the effects of pharmaceuticals and personal care products on freshwater mussels. In 2013 he came to Redeemer to begin his current faculty position in the Biology Department. His research continues to involve aquatic organisms, mainly freshwater mussels, and how they take up and are affected by contaminants. He is also interested in studying the toxic effects of these contaminants by monitoring physiological and behavioural endpoints. Recently he has collaborated with government and private organisations to develop a novel, non-destructive, method of determining genotoxicity of effluent to freshwater mussels.

Research Interests

Joel’s research interests lie where toxicology and physiology meet. He studies the potential toxicity (lethal and sublethal) of water-borne and diet-borne contaminants, and characterizes their mechanisms of transport in aquatic animals. Joel’s Ph.D. research focused on two metals, cadmium and calcium, and specifically looked at how they enter fish along the gastro-intestinal tract. He used in vitro, in situ, and in vivo experimental techniques at a range of organismal levels in his research. Current projects are focused on Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) and their potential harm to an imperiled group of animals, freshwater mussels.

Research Funding

MOECC (Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change) Developing a single cell gel electrophoresis assay (“Comet Assay”) for assessing genotoxicity in freshwater mussels (2015-2016)

NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada) PGSD 3 (Postgraduate Scholarship for 3 years) (2008-2011)

MITHE-SN 2009 internship

Recent Publications in Peer-Reviewed Journals

de Solla, S. Gilroy, È.A.M., Klinck, J.S., King, L.E., McInnis, R., Struger, J., Backus, S., Gillis, P.L. (2016). Bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the unionid musselLasmigona costata in a river receiving wastewater effluent. Chemosphere, 146:486-496.

Gilroy, E.A.M., Klinck, J.S., Campbell, S.D., McInnis, R., Gillis, P.L., and de Solla, S.R. (2014). Toxicology and bioconcentration of the pharmaceuticals moxifloxacin, rosuvastatin, and drospirenone to the unionid mussel Lampsilis siliquoidea. Science of the Total Environment, 487:537-544.

Klinck, J.S., Wood. C.M. (2013) In situ analysis of cadmium uptake in four sections of the gastro-intestinal tract of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and its distribution within the whole fish.Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 88:95-102.

Klinck, J.S., Wood. C.M. (2013) Gastro-intestinal transport of Cd and Ca in fresh water- and sea water- acclimated trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Comparative Physiology. 157(2):236-250.

Klinck, J.S., Singh, A., Wood, C.M. (2012) In vitro characterization of calcium transport along the gastro-intestinal tract of freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).Journal of Fish Biology. 81:1-20.

Klinck, J.S., Wood, C.M. (2011) In vitro characterization of cadmium transport along the gastro-intestinal tract of freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquatic Toxicology. 109:58-72.